Autonomous navigation and obstacle avoidance in smart robotic wheelchairs


  • Sushil Kumar Sahoo Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, (BPUT,Rourkela) Sarang, Odisha, India
  • Bibhuti Bhusan Choudhury Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Sarang, Odisha, India



Autonomous Navigation, Obstacle Avoidance, Smart Robotic Wheelchairs, Path Following, Assistive Technology


This review research paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the advancements, challenges, and methodologies in autonomous navigation and obstacle avoidance for smart robotic wheelchairs. The integration of robotics and assistive technology has revolutionized mobility solutions for individuals with impairments, enabling them to navigate complex environments independently. The paper examines the various sensor modalities, machine learning algorithms, and computer vision techniques employed for environment perception and obstacle recognition. It discusses path planning algorithms, motion control strategies, and decision-making processes for autonomous navigation. The review also addresses limitations, such as localization accuracy and dynamic environment modelling, while highlighting recent research advancements and suggesting future directions. Overall, this paper serves as a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners in the field of smart robotic wheelchairs, aiming to enhance mobility and quality of life for individuals with mobility impairments.


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How to Cite

Sahoo, S. K., & Choudhury , B. B. (2024). Autonomous navigation and obstacle avoidance in smart robotic wheelchairs. Journal of Decision Analytics and Intelligent Computing, 4(1), 47–66.